Natural and human-made disasters have been an integral part of our lives, so finding solutions to minimize the resulting damages is essential. Technological advancements have made it easier than ever before to build homes and buildings that withstand these disasters.
As the name suggests, Resilient building design is a set of practices and strategies that help in designing and building landscapes and communities that are resilient to the natural disasters of the region. It also takes into account the long-term impact of climate change that includes an increase in sea levels, droughts, floods, heatwaves, forest fires, and more.
Resilient buildings have certain features that help them to withstand natural and human-made disasters. Undoubtedly, the principles vary from region to region and according to the possible disasters that impact that region.
For example, buildings in Japan are built to withstand tsunamis and earthquakes that are a frequent occurrence in this part of the world, whereas buildings in New York City are designed to protect against floods.
But regardless of these differences, some basic principles go into the design of all resilient buildings, and they are as follows:
At the heart of every resilient design are simplicity and flexibility as the former always leads to the latter. For example, systems that can be overridden manually are more flexible during emergencies when compared to a completely automated system.
Also, simple systems are more adaptable to changing weather conditions or needs, thereby laying the foundation for lasting solutions.
Over the last several millennia, nature has adapted well to the changing climatic conditions and natural disasters. So, turn to nature for cues on how to build resilient buildings that will survive these disasters. A rule of thumb is that any building strategy that protects the surrounding nature tends to protect humans too.
It is impossible to achieve resilience in one-go, so always start with the basics and improve one step at a time. This enhances the adaptability of buildings to the emerging changes.
Thus, resilient building design is one that takes into account many factors needed to build landscapes, buildings, and communities that will last for a long time, regardless of the natural disasters and adversities that may impact it.